Martha Maxwell (1831-1881)
Martha Maxwell was one of many first ladies recognized to each gather and protect her personal skins. She was born in Pennsylvania however moved to the Colorado Territory in 1860s, in the course of the first wave of the Pike'e Peak Gold Rush, the place she turned an completed hunter. Inspired by the work of an area taxidermist, she started skinning animals for creative endeavors. Interestingly, Maxwell was a vegetarian by way of her life.
A self-educated naturalist and artist, Maxwell's work helped discovered trendy taxidermy and altered the look of pure historical past museums without end. In 1868 she opened a museum in Boulder, and she or he additionally confirmed her preserved animals and birds at each the Colorado Agricultural Society Fair in Denver and on the American Centennial Exhibition of 1876 in Philadelphia.
The Maxwell Owl (Otus asio maxwelliae) is known as after Martha Maxwell. She was the primary girl to have a subspecies named after her.
The Van Ingen brothers
Van Ingen & Van Ingen was an Indian firm specializing in taxidermy. During its heyday, it was run by the three brothers Botha, De Wet and Joubert Van Ingen who had been skilled by their father Eugene Van Ingen, founding father of the taxidermy agency. The Van Ingens lived and labored in Mysore, Karnatak within the southern a part of India and have become well-known for his or her head mounts, full mounts, flat animal rugs and rug mounts with hooked up heads. In 2004, writer Pat Morris interviewed the 92 yr previous Joubert for the e-book "Van Ingen & Van Ingen – Artists in Taxidermy". Joubert is the final remaining survivor of the three brothers.
The Van Ingen brothers famously preserved shikhar looking trophies in lifelike poses for the maharajas of India. Their work was thought of incomparable to another taxidermist on this planet. The household labored mainly with tigers, leopards and bears and their e-book "The Preservation of Shikar Trophies, Artists in Taxidermy, Mysore" is taken into account an vital supply for info on the abundance of untamed leopards and tigers as soon as discovered within the wild.
The firm was energetic from the flip of the final century to 1998.
Louis Dufresne (1752-1832)
Louis Dufresne was one of many naturalists touring on the ship Astrolabe on its outstanding journey. The ship sailed first to Madeira, Tenerife, Trinidad and the coast of Brazil. It then spherical Cape Horn and landed at Concepción and the Sandwich Islands. The journey continued alongside the northern coast of the Americas all the way in which as much as Alaska. After visiting Monterey, the expedition crossed the Pacific and landed in Macau, China. Occasionally, the ship returned to France with an abundance of information.
In 1793, Dufresne began working as taxidermist and curator at Muséum nationwide d'Histoire naturelle in Paris. In the early 1800s, he popularized the usage of arsenic cleaning soap for preserving birds – a way which had made it potential for the museum to construct the world's largest assortment of birds.
Dufresne additionally maintained a personal assortment. By 1818, he had compiled roughly 1 600 hen specimens, 800 eggs from around the globe and 12 000 bugs. The assortment additionally included a variety of shells, fossils, corals and amphibians. Today, the this assortment is part of the Royal Scottish Museum, after being bought by the University of Edinburgh in 1819.